Rocket Science Institute


Liquid Propulsion Rocket Systems Design
Your first resource for unusual, hard-to-find, out-of-print, and historic information
about rockets, missiles, propulsion, space, pyrotechnics, and explosives safety
Rocket science made (more) simple.

 

Updated & New Books Listed:  17 February 2013

Design of Liquid Propellant Rocket Engines Dieter K. Huzel and David H. Huang; Rocketdyne Division, North American Rockwell, Inc.  This is the single most comprehensive and complete text ever written about the subject.  Today's most widely used textbook on the subject, with far more material (and in far more detail) than George P. Sutton's classic "Rocket Propulsion Elements."  Includes details about virtually every kind of modern liquid propellant rocket propulsion system, giving practical information to design and build a high-technology, state-of-the-art liquid propellant rocket engine.  468 pages, illustrated.  ISBN 1-878628-34-8.  $69.95. Special offer, limited time:  $49.95.  

How To Design, Build, and Test Small Liquid-Fuel Rocket Engines.  Leroy J. Krzycki.  A classic text for people who want to build their own rocket motors from scratch.  A superior "how to do it in your garage or workshop" kind of book.  Includes an introduction to rocket engine design principles, explaining DeLaval nozzles, gas velocities, propellant types and characteristics (including pressurized gaseous oxygen), performance factors, and related calculations, with the necessary simple formulas for calculating mixture ratios, flame temperatures, chamber pressures, thrust, specific impulse (thrust per pound of propellants used), nozzle design, combustion chamber design, wall thickness, heat transfer, and engine cooling.   Plenty of detailed engineering drawings, so you can see how each part is built, and how the parts go together.  All the machining process is described in great detail, and is easy to follow.  There are instructions for the fuel tank, the connection plumbing, the control valves, fuel filter, and pressure gauges.  Hard to find and now out-of-print, this 73-page report is quality bound, for a key place in your library or research files.  11" x 8-1/2" size.  $24.95. 

The Rocket Motor Maurice J. Zucrow, Ph.D.  A comprehensive reference handbook, providing a handy and useful compilation of key theory and data on virtually all types of rocket propulsion systems.  Highly-detailed, with a wealth of material on rocket nozzle theory and design, gas velocities, thermodynamics, thrust and thrust coefficient, exhaust velocity, specific impulse, characteristic velocity, cooling, propulsion efficiency, vertical flight, propellants, and JATO design.  Includes numerous examples for calculations of every aspect of motor performance.  Discusses estimating and predicting rocket engine performance from theoretical data.  Explanations include deriving throat area, chamber pressure, mixture ratio and flow rate.  Thermochemical calculations are explained, covering characteristic velocity at various pressures; combustion gas velocity for various nozzle ratios; and various nozzle pressure ratios.  All essential algebraic formulae and equations are included, working with a variety of fuel-oxidizer combinations.  72 pages, ISBN 1-878628-15-1.  $19.95.

Rocket Propellant Thermochemistry and Combustion.  S.S. Penner, Ph.D.  The author was Professor of Jet Propulsion, Daniel and Florence Guggenheim Jet Propulsion Center at the California Institute of Technology (Cal Tech). This is a highly-technical and detailed investigation of liquid and solid rocket propellants and their combustion processes.  Investigates and reports on propellant materials (monopropellants, bipropellants, water-reactive, and composites), including many exotics (boron and fluorine compounds); chemical compounds used as propellants, and the chemical qualities to look for; performance of chemical propellants for rocket engines; theoretical performance evaluation for chemical propellants; preparation and properties of representative propellants.  ISBN 1-878628-NEW, 83 pages.  $16.95

Liquid Rocket Engine Injectors.  Rocketdyne, Rockwell International, Pratt & Whitney Aircraft, United Technologies, Aerojet-General, and the NASA Lewis Research Center.  A comprehensive, systematic guide for the working designer.  Covers bipropellant injector (with emphasis on liquid/liquid and liquid/gas injectors), plus useful material on monopropellant injectors and gas/gas systems.  Extensive data for hypergolic, cryogenic, and storable propellants.  Includes the math equations and design formulae, hydraulic theory involved, and extensive geometry data.  A very useful book for the serious experimenter.  131 pages, 74 illustrations, large and easy-to-read 11" x 8-1/2" size.  $24.95  

Liquid Rocket Engine Fluid-Cooled Combustion Chambers.  Aerojet, Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), California Institute of Technology (Cal Tech), the Space Division (Rockwell Corporation), Bell Aerospace, Rocketdyne, and NASA Lewis Research Center.  Comprehensive NASA "textbook" for the design of advanced liquid propellant rocket engines.  Provides both design criteria and recommended engineering practices for their design, fabrication, testing, and use.  Covers regenerative cooling passages, tubes, channel walls, manifolds, reinforcement, and materials.  Structural and design analysis are covered, as well as brazing alloys, prebraze preparations, and brazing procedures.  Chamber assembly and proof testing are also studied.  Transpiration and film cooling is also explained, in great detail.  One chapter is devoted to laboratory proof testing and operational problems.  Engine coatings are reviewed.  122 pages, $24.95. 

Liquid Rocket Engine Self-Cooled Combustion Chambers.  Aerojet, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Rocketdyne, Bell Aerospace,and the NASA Lewis Research Center.  A thick and highly-technical NASA report on ablative, radiation cooled, internally-regenerative (interegen), heat sink, and adiabatic wall chambers.  Reviews many exotic high-temperature materials, and complex thermochemical reactions that often occur.  134 pages, 34 illustrations, $24.95.  

Liquid Rocket Engine Nozzles.  Rocketdyne, Rockwell International, Aerojet, Pratt & Whitney, United Technologies, and the NASA Lewis Research Center.  This textbook describes in detail the techniques for developing nozzle contours that strike the best compromise between performance and non-performance consideration (e.g., testing expense or cooling method), offering "cut-and-try" optimizations.  Covers nozzle design from upstream of the throat to the nozzle exit for both bell and annular (or plug) nozzles.  All important aspects of the methods used to create nozzle wall shapes are covered, for maximum-performance shapes, and for nozzle contours based on criteria other than performance.  Includes abundant data and design information for both small and large engines.  Advanced designs and configurations (short bell nozzles, and annular nozzles such as expansion-deflection and aerospike) are also discussed.  Chapters about structure and hydraulics covers problem areas of regenerative cooled tube-wall nozzles and extensions.  An exceptional design resource for the "amateur" experimental rocket scientist and engineer.  123 pages, $24.95.  

Internal-Film Cooling of Rocket Nozzles.  J. L. Sloop and George R. Kinney, Flight Propulsion Research Laboratory, National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), predecessor to NASA.  A comprehensive, detailed study of experiments for cooling rocket nozzles by the introduction of coolant water along the inside surface of the nozzle entrance.  The report discusses the German A-4 (V-2) rocket motor, regenerative cooling systems, and work with porous metals at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) at California Institute of Technology (Cal Tech).  It details the test apparatus, engine installation, propellants, coolant, engine assemblies, test procedures, measurements, and operating conditions.  Abundant tables, charts, graphs, drawings, and photos explain how the tests were made, and their results.   Especially useful for experimental "amateur" rocket scientists, engineers, and technicians interested in developing successful liquid-propelled rocket motors.  41 pages, $19.95. 

Experimental Investigation of a Lightweight Rocket Chamber.  John E. Dalgleish and Adelbert O. Tischler, Lewis Flight Propulsion Research Laboratory, National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), predecessor to NASA.  A rare and unusual technical report discussing fabrication and testing of lightweight rocket motor combustion chambers formed from sheet metal.  These designs are both inexpensive to build and of simple design.  They are inexpensive, require very little machining, and do not require an elaborate machine shop to produce.  Using a jacketed design, this NACA team developed successful rocket engines that produced from 1000 to 5000-pounds of thrust, with operating chamber pressures of 300 to 600-pounds per square inch.  The innovative motors were built of sheet-metal skins, and formed to give simple, helically-wound coolant passages.  12 pages, $9.95. 

Bell Aerospace Patent: Personnel Propulsion Unit ("Rocket Belt Pack").  U.S. Patent by John K. Hulbert and Wendell F. Moore.  Engineering details for this extraordinary rocket belt.  An unusual and exceptional reference resource for the rocket scientist, engineer, and technician--professional or "amateur."  15 pages, $14.95.  

Liquid Rocket Metal Tanks and Tank Components: McDonnell Douglas, Aerojet-General, Rockwell International, General Dynamics, Grumman Aerospace, The Boeing Company, Lockheed-Georgia, and NASA Langley.  A a comprehensive technical reference resource for the liquid propellant rocket scientist, engineer, and technician.  The book reviews state-of-the-art designs for liquid propellant rocket tanks and tank components.  It provides both design criteria and recommended engineering practices for their design, fabrication, testing, and use.  Among the many sections of discussion are tank configuration, materials, structural design, components, design analysis, fabrication, testing, and inspection.  167 pages, ISBN 1-878628-29-1.  $24.95  

Pressurization Systems for Liquid Rockets Rocketdyne, Rockwell International, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and NASA Lewis Research Center.  Covers the design of controlled gas pressure systems for rocket propellant tanks.  The book used for successful designs used for main propulsion, auxiliary propulsion, and attitude control systems for boosters, upper stages, and spacecraft.  Provides design solutions for sophisticated pressurization and pressure control systems used in modern rockets.  Discusses multi-start missions requiring repressurization after an extended coast period.  Takes you through the entire design process from start to finish, examining the pros and cons of each alternative.  Has many examples of design situations, showing how the calculations are made.  Provides all the formulae and equations needed for system design.  Covers all the plumbing and fittings used in these systems.  Includes many engineering drawings, illustrations, and figures, plus many graphs, tables, and charts.  171 pages, printed directly from a NASA digital file, size 11 x 8.5-inches, nicely bound.  The original is long out-of-print, and some of the typography in this version is not perfectly clear and sharp (it's sometimes faint in the NASA-supplied original file).  ISBN 1-878628-NEW.    $24.95.  

Turbopump Systems for Liquid Rocket Engines Rocketdyne, Aerojet, Pratt & Whitney, and NASA Lewis Research Center.  Here is a comprehensive volume incorporating the experience and knowledge accumulated in many development and operational programs, reviewing design practices, and showing state-of-the-art in successful design.  Takes you through the design process, step by step, following the logical succession of events from preliminary design through testing on the rocket engine.  Reviews the systems used in many applications, with detailed specifications.  Includes many engineering drawings, illustrations, and figures, plus many graphs, tables, and charts.  168 pages, printed directly from a NASA digital file, size 11 x 8.5-inches, nicely bound.  ISBN 1-878628-NEW.    $24.95.  

Liquid Rocket Engine Centrifugal Flow Turbopumps: Rocketdyne, Rockwell International, Aerojet Liquid Rocket Company, Bell Aerospace, United Aircraft, and the NASA Lewis Research Center.  Written by rocket scientists and engineers to teach other scientists and engineers, this is one of the best textbooks available on this subject.  The material also has applications for automotive racing engineers, aircraft mechanics, racing boat developers, and others who employ turbopump technologies.  Examines the various common pump problems: impeller rubbing that results in oxidizer-pump explosions; bearing failures caused by high axial and radial thrust; excessive cavitation damage; inadequate suction performance; undesirable oscillations in suction and discharge pressure; impeller blade failures; housing ruptures; stress-corrosion cracking; loss of design fits caused by centrifugal or thermal loads; static-seal leakage; and inadequate retention of the components. Includes information derived from the Titan, Atlas, Thor, Saturn, Redstone, Nerva, and other related projects.  Includes considerable in-depth mathematical formulae and equations explaining the design process.  158 pages, ISBN 1-878628-NEW.    $24.95.

Liquid Rocket Engine Turbines, Rocketdyne, Rockwell International, General Electric, Bell Aerospace, United Aircraft, and the NASA Lewis Research Center.  A comprehensive volume incorporating the experience and knowledge accumulated in many development and operational programs, reviewing design practices, and showing state-of-the-art in successful design.  Takes you through the design process, step by step, following the logical succession of events from preliminary design through testing of rocket engine turbines.  Reviews the turbine systems used in many applications, with detailed specifications.  Includes many engineering drawings, illustrations, and figures, plus many graphs, tables, and charts.  Written by rocket scientists and engineers to teach other scientists and engineers, this is one of the best textbooks available on this subject.  The material also has applications for automotive racing engineers, aircraft mechanics, racing boat developers, and others who employ turbopump technologies.  150 pages, $24.95.   

Liquid Rocket Valve Assemblies: McDonnell Douglas, Aerojet-General, Rockwell International, General Dynamics, Grumman Aerospace, TRW, The Boeing Company, Lockheed-Georgia, and NASA Langley.  State-of-the-art designs for valve assemblies, and provides both design criteria and recommended engineering practices for their design, fabrication, testing, and use.  Both electrically-, pneumatically-, and hydraulically-actuated valves are studied.  Complete explanations are given for the various types of possible valves, flow coefficient vs valve size, force vs stroke relationship for poppet valving, cavitating and noncavitating valves, redundant valve systems, ball seals and ball valves, hollow-ball valving elements, various mechanical linkages, butterfly valve designs, bipropellant valves, vent port check valves, position-indicating switches, corrosion factors, and on and on.   158 pages, ISBN 1-878628-32-1.    $24.95. 

Liquid Rocket Valve Components: McDonnell Douglas, Aerojet-General, Rockwell International, General Dynamics, Grumman Aerospace, TRW, The Boeing Company, Lockheed-Georgia, and NASA Langley.  Explanations for design and use of every imaginable liquid propellant valve component, with great detail about valve dimensions, flow rates, operating pressures, actuation, response times, etc. for assemblies used in almost all important liquid propellant missile systems.   The most complete and comprehensive book ever written about the theoretical and practical engineering design of liquid rocket valve components.   159 pages, $24.95. 

Liquid Rocket Pressure Regulators, Relief Valves, Check Valves, Burst Disks, and Explosive Valves:  McDonnell Douglas, Aerojet-General, TRW, Rockwell International, General Dynamics, Grumman Aerospace, The Boeing Company, Lockheed-Georgia, and NASA Langley.  State-of-the-art designs for liquid rocket pressure regulators, relief valves, check valves, burst disks, and explosive valves.  The text includes recommended engineering practices for their design, fabrication, testing, and use for direct acting, dome loaded, piloted, and nonmodulating regulation systems.  Discussions about actuators includes their response, bias springs, control elements, spring reference loads, pilot valve circuits, orifices, thermal compensation, shutoff valves, and flow limiters.  Size and stroke, flow passages, and pressure balancing are explained in great detail.  Ak also examines common operational problems, including contamination, lubricants, vibration, moisture in reference cavities and actuators, pilot valve pressure sensing, stability, chatter, poppet closing time, venting, connector leakage, leakage of actuation gas into system, seals, escape of explosive valve debris, accidental operation of explosive valves, and temperature effects on explosive valves.  The sections on relief valves covers both direct, inverted, and pilot operating designs.  Ball poppet, guided poppet, and flapper check valves are studied.  The Burst Disks section discusses burst pressure and reverse-pressure capability, size and thickness, coined-groove patterns, petal retention, materials, temperature effects on properties, fatigue strength, and installation.   126 pages, ISBN 1-878628-33-X.   $24.95  

Liquid Rocket Actuators and Operators:  McDonnell Douglas, Aerojet-General, Rockwell International, General Dynamics, Grumman Aerospace, The Boeing Company, TRW, Lockheed-Georgia, and NASA Langley.  Details about designing, fabricating, and testing various actuators and operators--supported by exceptional engineering drawings--and includes information about various actuator and operator configurations, seals for actuators and operators, mechanical transmission devices, and instrumentation for actuators and operators.  157 pages, ISBN 1-878628-30-5.   $24.95. 

Liquid Propellant Gas Generators:  McDonnell Douglas, Aerojet-General, Rockwell International, General Dynamics, Grumman Aerospace, The Boeing Company, Lockheed-Georgia, and NASA Langley.  Details about virtually every kind of modern monopropellant and bipropellant gas generator system.  The most complete and comprehensive book ever written about the theoretical and practical engineering design of liquid propellant gas generators.  Covers exactly how one goes about designing, building, and testing a system that works reliably.  103 pages, ISBN 1-878628-28-3.   $19.95.

Liquid-Propellant JATO Rocket Air Force - Navy Overhaul Instructions Handbook, Aerojet YLR13-AJ-7 Assisted Takeoff (ATO) Rocket System.  This bi-propellant, pressure-fed rocket provides a nominal 4000-pound thrust for 60 seconds.  This book provides complete instructions for the overhaul and testing.   This JATO was used on the new XB-45 light jet bomber and the B-29.  The rocket used a pressurized propellant feed system, a regeneratively-cooled motor, and an unusual tankage configuration. The oxidizer was red fuming nitric acid (RFNA).  The unit used the first known ceramic thrust chamber, and served as a basis for the subsequent F-84, BOMARC, and rocket sled motors.  21 pages, $19.95     

Collection of Seven Rocket Propulsion Technical Papers.   Various important documents, all of a related theme, some about liquid propulsion.  70 pages, $19.95. 

 

 
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